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“No free man shall ever be de-barred the use of arms. The strongest reason for the people to retain their right to keep and bear arms is as a last resort to protect themselves against tyranny in government."
- Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia, Proposed Virginia Constitution, 1776
6.5 x 55mm
The 6.5x55mm or 6.5x55mm SE (C.I.P.) rifle cartridge (also known as 6.5 x 55mm Krag, 6.5 x 55mm Swedish Mauser or 6.5 x 55mm Mauser) was developed in 1891 for use in the new rifles then under consideration by the Swedish-Norwegian Kingdom. The two nations had independent armies and the normal procedure by that time was that the respective MOD's agreed on using the same ammunition and then purchased small arms or ordnance by their own choice. For this cartridge Norway adopted the Krag-Jørgensen rifle, while Sweden adopted a Mauser rifle design.
6.55 x 55mm cartridge.
Early ammunition was loaded with a 156-grain (10.1 gram) long round-nosed bullet (B-projectile) with a muzzle velocity of 2300 fps (700 mps), while later rounds used a 139-grain (9 gram) spitzer bullet (D-projectile) with a muzzle velocity of 2854 fps (870 mps).
The 6.5x55mm cartridge was used by Norway in the Krag-Jørgensen rifle and in the Madsen machine gun, as well as in several prototype self-loading rifles.
Krag-Jørgensen M1912 Carbine in 6.5x55mm
In Swedish service, the 6.5x55mm cartridge was used in the Model 1894 carbine, the Model 1896 and Model 1938 rifles, the Ag m/42 semi-automatic rifle as well as in several light and medium machine guns, like the Browning BAR, Kg m/40,
Swedish Model 1896 rifle
Swedish AG-42 rifle
The 6.5x55mm cartridge is highly esteemed as a hunting round in Europe, Scandinavia, and North America. Hunters use the 6.5 x 55mm for harvesting most kind of game including elk, moose and brown bear in Sweden and Norway. In Canada and the United States the 6.5 x 55mm sees use taking deer and other medium-sized game. Sportsmen favor the combination of low recoil coupled with the cartridge's inherent accuracy and superb penetrative qualities.
European rifle makers, such as CZ, Steyr and Mauser, offer sporting rifles chambered for the 6.5 x 55 mm cartridge, as does the Finnish arms manufacturer SAKO/Tikka. Ammunition manufacturers, such as Norma, Lapua and Hornady, offer loadings of the 6.5x55mm round designed for use only in modern hunting rifles that can tolerate higher chamber pressures.
Shooters also use the 6.5 x 55mm cartridge in the Sauer 200 STR (Scandinavian Target Rifle) and biathletes used the cartridge biathlon competition until 1975 (when it was replaced by the .22 Long Rifle (.22 LR) rim-fire cartridge).
Due to different interpretations of the standard, i.e. the standards of manufacturing using maximum chamber in the Krag vs. minimum chamber in the Swedish Mauser, a small percentage of the ammunition produced in Norway required a heavy push on the bolt handle to chamber in the Swedish gun. After the rumor of this difference first surfaced in 1900, it was examined by the Swedish military. The Swedish Military declared the difference to be insignificant and confirmed both the Swedish and Norwegian ammunition was within the specified parameters. Despite this finding, the Swedish weapon-historian Josef Alm repeated the rumor in a book in the 1930s, leading many to believe that there was a significant difference. The CIP MAP for the 6.5 x 55 SE is 380 MPa (55000 PSI). SAAMI MAP for this cartridge is 46,000 CUP or 51000 PSI.
6.5 x 55mm
Type Military Rifle
Used by Norway, Sweden
Bullet diameter 0.264 in (6.71 mm)
Bullet weight/type Velocity(MV) Energy(ME)
 6.5x55 load" data from Hodgdon
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I recently ordered a couple of new guns from my local gun shop. It may be a while until they come in, from what I am told. I ordered a 3 inch Ruger SP101 in the new .327 Federal Magnum caliber and a Ruger Hawkeye African in the .375 Ruger caliber. The seller tells me that the SP 101 in that make up is just now trickling out of the factory and that distributers are having a hard time stocking them for retailers, so I may be waiting a while...click for more.